EU's CAP and its impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services back to the forum
Please add any relevant information on existing empricial studies/practical experiences on the topic in the comment box
As a result of a first literature sreening these existing empricial studies practical experiences have been detected. Please add references to further work in the comment box.
- Allen, B. and K. Hart (2013). "Meeting the EU’s environmental challenges through the CAP–how do the reforms measure up." Aspects of Applied Biology 118: 9-22
- Butler, S., et al. (2007). "Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture." Science 315(5810): 381-384.
- Brouwer, F. and P. Lowe (2000). CAP regimes and the European countryside: prospects for integration between agricultural, regional, and environmental policies, CABI.
- Cormont, A., et al. (2016). "Landscape complexity and farmland biodiversity: Evaluating the CAP target on natural elements." Journal for Nature Conservation 30: 19-26.
- Doxa, A., et al. (2012). "Preventing biotic homogenization of farmland bird communities: the role of High Nature Value farmland." Agriculture, ecosystems & environment 148: 83-88.
- Hart, K. and J. Little (2012). "Environmental approach of the CAP legislative proposal." Politica Agricola Internazionale-International Agricultural Policy 1(2012): 19-30.
- Kleijn, D., et al. (2001). "Agri-environment schemes do not effectively protect biodiversity in Dutch agricultural landscapes." Nature 413(6857): 723-725.
- Kleijn, D., et al. (2009). "On the relationship between farmland biodiversity and land-use intensity in Europe." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 276(1658): 903-909.
- Köllner, T. (2000). "Species-pool effect potentials (SPEP) as a yardstick to evaluate land-use impacts on biodiversity." Journal of cleaner production 8(4): 293-311.
- Lankoski, J. (2016), “Alternative Payment Approaches for Biodiversity Conservation in Agriculture”, OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. 93, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jm22p4ptg33-en
- Lindström,. Å, Olsson O,. Smith H. G & Stjernman M. Proyect: What measures should be taken to improve conditions for Swedish Farmland Birds, as reflected in the Farmland Bird Index?. Projektplan: Bilaga till överenskommelse med dnr 4.3.17-10668/16
- Louwagie, G., et al. (2011). "The potential of European Union policies to address soil degradation in agriculture." Land degradation & development 22(1): 5-17.
- Norell,. B and Söderberg, T. (2013). A greener CAP? – An analysis of the Commission’s greening proposal for the Common Agricultural Policy. Environmental Analysis Division
- Pe'er, G., et al. (2014). "EU agricultural reform fails on biodiversity." Science 344(6188): 1090-1092.
- Pe'er, Guy, Yves Zinngrebe, Jennifer Hauck, Stefan Schindler, Andreas Dittrich, Silvia Zingg, Teja Tscharntke, Rainer Oppermann, Laura Sutcliffe, Clélia Sirami, Jenny Schmidt, Christian Hoyer, Christian Schleyer, and Sebastian Lakner. "Adding Some Green to the Greening: Improving the Eu's Ecological Focus Areas for Biodiversity and Farmers." Conservation Letters (2016): n/a-n/a.
- Primdahl, J., et al. (2003). "Environmental effects of agri-environmental schemes in Western Europe." Journal of environmental management 67(2): 129-138.
- Rouquette, J., et al. (2009). "Valuing nature‐conservation interests on agricultural floodplains." Journal of Applied Ecology 46(2): 289-296.
- Vickery, J. A., et al. (2004). "The role of agri-environment schemes and farm management practices in reversing the decline of farmland birds in England." Biological Conservation 119(1): 19-39.
- Whittingham, M. J. (2007). "Will agri‐environment schemes deliver substantial biodiversity gain, and if not why not?" Journal of Applied Ecology 44(1): 1-5.
- Westhoek, H., et al. (2014). Greening the CAP. An analysis of the effects of the European Commission’s proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy. 2020.
Date: 16.03.2017 16:42 (GMT)
Hi, thats a study that we did on impacts of AES; however, the same measures could be implemented under greening of pillar 1:
Wrbka, T., Schindler, S., Pollheimer, M., Schmitzberger, I., & Peterseil, J. (2008). Impact of the Austrian Agri-Environmental Scheme on diversity of landscapes, plants and birds. Community ecology, 9(2), 217-227.
Best wishes! STEFAN
Date: 22.03.2017 09:06 (GMT)
Thank you for extensive literature review. I would prefer some shared datastore as the papers are mostly not open-access. Anyway, some of them document controversy of CAP. We discussed misuse of subsidies based on CAP from the Czech landscape here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1890/15-0016.1/pdf
Date: 22.03.2017 17:54 (GMT)
We carried out a literature review of the evidence of biodiversity impacts of EFA nitrogen fixing crops, cover crops, fallow, landscape features (hedges & field margins only) in the following report:
Underwood, E and Tucker, G M (2016) Ecological Focus Area choices and their potential impacts on biodiversity. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London.
Date: 18.04.2017 12:38 (GMT)
Might be relevant for greening measures as well:
Joest, R., M. J. Kamrad & A. Zacharias 2016: The use of uncropped cereals, set asides, cereal stubbles and catch crops by farmland birds in winter. Vogelwelt 136: 197–211.
Date: 18.04.2017 12:41 (GMT)
We have also completed a small assessment for the state of Lower Saxony in Germany, entitled:
"Impacts of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services"
Sebastian Lakner, Carsten Holst, Andreas Dittrich, Christian Hoyer & Guy Pe'er.
We investigated the spatial distribution, scoring and impacts of measures on arable land like EFA and AECM in the federal state of Lower Saxony in Germany, to evaluate effectiveness and complementarity. We found Most of the chosen EFA-options have relatively low effectiveness of both EFA and AECM in the west, and potential for complementarity in the east of Lower Saxony.
Date: 19.04.2017 15:54 (GMT)
We're starting a project looking at the impacts of greening on Green and Blue Infrastructure: http://www.biogea-project.eu/ which will look at impacts on the ground in Bulgaria, Spain and Germany. In each country we will be looking at a more and less intensively farmed case study area. There should be some first results at least from Germany and Bulgaria (where we will use an adapted version of the LISA methodology developed by IFAB: http://www.eeb.org/index.cfm?LinkServID=0E2EEC07-5056-B741-DBA777455AA46334) by the end of the year.
Date: 25.04.2017 20:35 (GMT)
Led by Sebastian Lakner, we recently (re)submitted a a book chapter on the effect of EFA compared to AECM on BD and ESS, focusing on lower Saxony in Germany.
The chapter's title is:
Impacts of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.
Authors: Sebastian Lakner, Carsten Holst, Andreas Dittrich, Christian Hoyer & Guy Pe'er.
Date: 27.04.2017 15:49 (GMT)
Here's an important paper on farmer motivations for their EFA choices: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837716307426