Energy policies' effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services  back to the theme

How are European energy policies affecting biodiversity and ecosystem services in countries globally?

Member: Eszter Kelemen

Date: 23.01.2018



While a renewable energy transition is an unavoidable pathway for decarbonisation, some studies documented its effects on marine ecosystems, avian biodiversity, competing land use for food production, habitat loss and deforestation (i.e biofuels), with potential spillovers beyond the EU territorial boundaries. Other trade-offs may occur such as manufacturing hazards due to a growing demand of extractive resources needed in the fabrication of batteries and solar panels. In addition, important controversies currently animate the political debates centred on the role of nuclear energy and hydropower to support a fossil fuel free future, yet putting pressure on landscapes, biodiversity and ecosystems in Europe and beyond.

The full cost and benefits of opting for renewable energy when compared to the opportunity costs of renouncing conventional ones needs to be synthesized through collating existing knowledge and case studies. It is certainly understood that conventional energy sources likewise have impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services globally. We are therefore interested in any reference to material, including grey literature and as yet unpublished results that refer to the following questions:

  • What analyses exist that explore the EU energy policy strategy and related telecoupling effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services?
  • What are the SDG targets and interlinkages that the EU energy policy tries to pursue (also indirectly) and what are the systemic trade-offs and co-benefits that are created beyond the territorial boundaries, where, at what scale, and who are the affected winners and losers?
  • What policies and governance mechanisms could remedy these impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services; or in hindsight, how could one have chosen pathways to more sustainable development?
  • What are the recurrent patterns of interactions (nexus), cascading effects, etc.?
  • What can be identified as leverage points and potentials for policy impact?
  • What are the positive and negative feedback loops that may point to decarbonisation pathways?
  • Are there any time issues, irreversibility?
  • What is the relevance of context (place, scale, time)?
  • What are the governance and transformation interventions that can potentially be applied? Lessons learnt?
  • What are the main knowledge gaps?

We encourage contributions of knowledge by 20th February 2018. To read more about this call and the request process, please refer to the Call for Knowledge (CfK 3/2018) on our Open Calls page or check the attached pdf document.


Keywords: Biodiversity (incl. observation), Bioenergy/biofuel, Ecosystem services
Last edited: 24.01.2018 08:33 (GMT) - by Eszter Kelemen

Member: Matthew Avilla

Date: 27.03.2019 04:41 (GMT)

The year 1998 has been the hottest so far. As a result of global warming, there have been huge and record floods, storms, cyclones etc. This increased warmth has begun to hit the earth and the entire living world. It is found that average hotness has risen by 0.2C every decade; the threat of global warming is real and huge. A lot of problems has been happened in nature by human activities. This is the time where the old system of water harvesting must be adopted. Scientists have given many details and data that prove how useful it can be to make use of our old water harvesting system. These old methods of water harvesting have been in practice from the past in the country, among various groups and villages. Heavy showers are common in the country. But the world started facing drinking water shortages. The problem of over-exploitation and pollution of our water resources is putting humans in danger. According to the UN report, two-thirds of mankind will suffer fair to severe water crisis within the next 30 years if corrective steps are not taken. World Bank report says that 5 million deaths from unsafe drinking water. We need to show greater respect for the earth and its environment. It is the time where all people of the world should realize the depth of the problem and make efforts to reduce global warming. We should try to reduce environmental pollution. The industrial activities that our modern world depends upon have raised pollution level to high. Humans are responsible for all the things that are facing today. Trees are being cut down in many places. Hills and mountains are destroyed in order to build big industries. So it is better to be more careful in order to prevent severe climatic changes. In need of help in writing an essay

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